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Nginx.conf failed

Jagger Kyne asked in Servers

I followed line by line in this tutorialto setup my own production server.

After Nginx is installed and up and running, I followed the instruction to modified nginx.conf:

Find the following lines, and uncomment them at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:

# Phusion Passenger

# Uncomment it if you installed ruby-passenger or ruby-passenger-enterprise

passenger_root /usr/lib/ruby/vendor_ruby/phusion_passenger/locations.ini;

passenger_ruby /home/jk/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.5/bin/ruby;

passenger_ruby /home/jk/.rvm/wrappers/ruby-2.1.5/ruby;

When I run:

which passenger
in terminal give me:


My ruby on the server is at


I am using rvm, and the rvm wrappers location is correct. However, when I run a test using

sudo nginx -t

The system throws this error:

nginx: [emerg] unknown directive "passenger_root" in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:67

nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

I have searched on google, but somehow all solutions direct me to reinstall nginx with passenger module.
But passenger module have already been installed by following the tutorial.

How can I fix this? Can anyone help?




Interesting. What if you comment out the passenger_root line? Does sudo nginx -t then give you an error on passenger_ruby?

Also, maybe check dpkg to see if the two packages are installed. This is what I get from running dpkg -l nginx and dpkg -l passenger:

$ dpkg -l nginx-full
| Status=Not/Inst/Conf-files/Unpacked/halF-conf/Half-inst/trig-aWait/Trig-pend
|/ Err?=(none)/Reinst-required (Status,Err: uppercase=bad)
||/ Name                          Version             Architecture        Description
ii  nginx-full                    1:1.6.2- i386                nginx web/proxy server (standard version)

$ dpkg -l passenger
| Status=Not/Inst/Conf-files/Unpacked/halF-conf/Half-inst/trig-aWait/Trig-pend
|/ Err?=(none)/Reinst-required (Status,Err: uppercase=bad)
||/ Name                          Version             Architecture        Description
ii  passenger                     1:4.0.56-1~trusty1  i386                Rails and Rack support for Apache2 and Nginx

If so, I'm guessing that maybe the passenger Ubuntu package didn't get installed and maybe only nginx-full.


You are right Chris,

I have similar message as yours. I will uninstall them and try again. So, the tutorial need to be updated.

In the gorails' tutorial, the code is:

sudo apt-get install nginx-full passenger

but on the official tutorial is:

sudo apt-get install nginx-extras passenger

after use the above command to reinstall, the problem solve, I can move forward to the rest of the tutorial, hopefully someone can update the tutorial to avoid future problem.


Thanks for the heads up! I guess they updated their tutorial and I didn't notice.


I am having similar issues and was unable to solve by following this thread. I am also using rvm, and ruby 2.1.5.

The path to my ruby
```which ruby

Tests seem to pass

```sudo nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

However restarting nginx fails
```service nginx restart

  • Restarting nginx nginx [fail] ```

I have my /etc/nginx/nginx.conf set up for passenger below

```# Phusion Passenger config
# Uncomment it if you installed passenger or passenger-enterprise
passenger_root /usr/lib/ruby/vendor_ruby/phusion_passenger/locations.ini;
# passenger_ruby /home/deploy/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.1.5/bin/ruby;
passenger_ruby /home/deploy/.rvm/wrappers/ruby-2.1.5/ruby;

if I uncomment the first 'passenger_ruby' and run 'sudo nginx -t' 

```nginx: [emerg] "passenger_ruby" directive is duplicate in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:65
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

When I visit the site in a browser I get a 403 forbidden. Sorry this is a lot but I have been struggling with this for a while so I wanted to provide any information I thought may be useful to help solve this. Thanks for any help you can provide!


Hmm, sounds like something wrong there with the config. You definitely just want one line that says passenger_ruby and it should point to the wrapper version of it, not the same as which ruby outputs.

As far as what to check next, look at /var/log/nginx/error.log and see if there is anything in that file (or other files in the same folder) to see what it says when you get the 403. That will probably give you the best idea of what's wrong.


Figure this out, figured I should post in case someone has similar issues. Looking at the logs as you mentioned led me to the answer. The error log showed the following:

```015/01/14 08:50:38 [error] 18547#0: *1 directory index of "/home/deploy/myApp/current/public/" is forbidden, client:, server:, request: "GET / HTTP/1.1", host: ""

I had to do a couple things:
* change permissions `chmod -R 775 /var/log/nginx/`
* change ownership `chown -R deploy /var/log/nginx/`
* use `sudo service nginx start` to start the server instead of `service nginx start`

Thanks for the help Chris, I was really struggling with this.

That would do it! Sometimes the file permissions or ownership will do that. I've often accidentally run a command as sudo without realizing it would change ownership of my app files and all of a sudden Nginx can't read the Rails app anymore.

Thanks for sharing your solution! :)

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